Wisdom Teeth Removal
Wisdom tooth extraction is a simple surgical procedure performed to remove third molars, the last four of 32 teeth to erupt within your mouth. These third molars typically develop between the ages of 17-25, a time most people attribute to a time of maturity, hence the name wisdom teeth.
There are many reasons your dentist might elect to remove your wisdom teeth. The most common reasons include:
• Damage to neighboring teeth
• Crowding of teeth
• Infection caused from trapped bacteria
• Disease including cysts and tumors
Your dentist might recommend wisdom tooth extraction surgery because of inadequate spacing in your mouth, space that does not allow for third molars to erupt without interfering with normal bite function.
When wisdom teeth become ‘stuck’, they are what dentists refer to as impacted – often times in hazardous positions. Impacted wisdom teeth, when left untreated, can lead to any number of oral health complications like infection, damage to neighboring teeth and even cysts or tumors.
There are varying degrees of impacted wisdom teeth, including:
• Soft tissue impaction (Crown of tooth has penetrated through the bone, but gum tissue is covering part or the entire surface.)
• Partial bony impaction (Tooth has partially erupted but a portion of crown remains below gum and surrounding jawbone.)
• Complete bony impaction (Tooth is encased in jawbone and requires more invasive removal techniques.)
Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure
Wisdom tooth extraction is incredibly common and thanks to the advancement of modern dentistry, can often be performed in as little as an hour. Often times you’ll be released from surgery immediately following the procedure.
Your specially trained dentist will typically administer a local anesthesia or intravenous (IV) sedation to ensure you experience no discomfort during the procedure. Special tools are used to extract the third molars and oral stitches may be required.
You’ll be issued post-operative instructions and prescribed medication in some cases to help reduce swelling and alleviate any discomfort. Swelling should diminish within a day while the gums typically require several weeks to make a full recovery.
Have you had your wisdom teeth examined? Schedule an appointment with us today and we’ll determine if wisdom tooth extraction is necessary.